بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Importance of Recitation of Darud and Its Virtues

Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: Surely, Allah and His angels send blessings to the Prophet. O you who believe, do pray Allah to bless him, and send your Salam (prayer for his being in peace) to him in abundance (Al-Ahzab: 56).

This verse indicates the position of the prophet (PBUH), which he enjoys among those who are in heavens, i.e. that Allah mentions him in the assembly of Angles and sends His blessings to him, and the angles also supplicate Allah for the high position of the prophet (PBUH). Allah also ordains upon those who are in the earth to send their supplication for the mercy and blessings of Allah on His prophet (PBUH).

It is mentioned in Hadeeth that when this verse was revealed, the companions said "O messenger of Allah (PBUH), we know how to salute you i.e. saying "Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhan Nabi, during salah, How to recite Darud. Allah's messenger (PBUH)instructed them to recited Darud Ibrahimi which the Muslims recite during salah after "At-Tahiyyat." (Bukhari).

Meaning of Darud: Sending Darud by Allah to His messenger means showering His mercy on him and exalting his name in the assembly of the angles. Sending Darud by angles and Muslims to the Prophet (PBUH) means to supplicate Allah to shower His mercy on the Prophet and exalt his mention.

Virtues of reciting Darud:

  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:"Whoever recites one Darud (Salat) upon me, Allah will send ten Daruds (Salat) upon him. (Muslim)
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:"Whoever, from my Ummah, recites, sincerely from his heart, a prayer (Salat) upon me, Allah sends ten blessings upon him, raises his Darajat by ten degrees and records for him ten good deeds and erases off him ten evil deeds". (Nisai)
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said:“The closest to me from amongst you on the Day of Resurrection will be one who sends more Darud to me”. (Tirmizi)
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: Sending more Darud to me will cause the forgiveness of small sins. (Tirmizi)
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: As long as Darud is not sent to me Duas are stopped from being accepted. (Tabrani)
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: May his nose soil with dust in whose presence mention is made of me and he does not supplicate for me. (Tirmizi)
  • Jibrail (AS) invoked Allah against the one who does not recite Darud upon hearing of the name of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) saying: May that person be destroyed in whose presence you are mentioned and who does not confer blessings upon you. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said "Amen"
  • Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned but he does not supplicate for me. (Tirmizi)

Based on the sincerity and Taqwa, different rewards have been mentioned in Ahadeeth for the recitation of Darud.

There are many wordings reported in Ahadeeth for Darud. However, the below mentioned words of Darud (Darud-e-Ibrahimi) are the best among them:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ.

(Allahumma Salle Ala Muhammad, wa Ala Aale Muhammad Kama Sallaita Ala Ibrahima, wa Ala Aale Ibrahima, Innaka Hameedum  Majeed).

O Allah! Send Your Blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You sent your Blessings on Ibrahim and on the family of Ibrahim, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious.'

Some Important Occasions for Reciting Darud:

  1. One should recite Darud whenever one hears, reads or writes the name of the prophet (PBUH) as stated in a Hadeeth. One can also say "Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam" only.
  2. Allah's messenger (PBUH) said: Salah is ought to be started with the praise of Allah and in the last Qa’dah, Darud is to be recited after the recitation of At-Tahiyyat then one has to supplicate.
  3. After listening Adhan but before reciting the supplication of Adhan.
  4. Send more Darud on Friday:
  5. Before any supplication send Darud.
  6. Whenever you find time send Darud.

Scholars have differed on whether the recitation of Darud in the last Qa’dah after At-Tahiyyat is wajib (obligatory) or Sunnate Mu'akkadah. However, we should recite Darud in the last Qa’dah of each salah (whether Farz or Nafl).

Allah's messenger (PBUH)said:'When you hear Adhan (Call to Salah) then repeat what you hear, and send Darud to me, for whoever sends Darud to me once, Allah will send Darud to him ten (times), then recite the supplication of Adhan. (Muslim)

Allah's messenger (PBUH) said: Send Darud to me on Friday as much as possible, as the person who sends Darud to me on Friday is brought before me (Hakim & Baihaqi).

A man came to the mosque, offered Salah and started supplicating after finishing his Salah, O Allah forgive me, have mercy on me. The prophet (PBUH) told him, when you offer Salah and start supplicating first of all, praise Allah, send Darud to me then supplicate for you.

Allah's messenger (PBUH) said:  Neither make my grave a place of fair nor your home a graveyard, send Darud to me wherever you are it will reach me (Musnad Ahmed).

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)